Staying physically fit is an essential part of life, but your level of fitness isn't defined simply by your outward appearance. In order for the average individual to be considered fit, there are 5 components of physical fitness that have to be measured.
Advancements in the sciences of health and fitness have redefined what it means to be a healthy and fit person. Physical fitness is related to the two concepts of general fitness, and specific fitness.
General fitness measures the state of well-being and health, while specific fitness is based on one's ability to perform specific tasks.
So let's take a look at these components.
The 5 Components of Physical Fitness for Men
Here are the 5 components of physical fitness and what you should be aiming for when working out.
1. Body Composition
This refers to the ratio of muscle to fat in your body. To be considered healthy and fit, you need a minimum of fat and a maximum of lean mass.
To determine your ideal body composition, you need to be measured for height, weight, and frame size. These measurements define your body type, thus providing you with data necessary for understanding what your ideal body composition should be.
2. Cardiovascular Fitness
Cardiovascular health refers to the overall fitness of your heart and lungs. If your cardiovascular fitness is strong, you should be able to exercise or perform physical tasks without feeling easily fatigued. When your heart and lungs are performing in coordination, your body should be able to effectively deliver oxygen and nutrients to tissues.
Engaging in regular exercise like running, swimming or cycling is essential to maintaining good cardiovascular health.
The next of our 5 components of physical fitness is flexibility. This is the ability of your joints to move in a full range of motion. In any movement, both the protagonist muscles and antagonist's muscles are at work, which basically means that there is muscle that causes the movement, as well as muscle that oppose the movement.
The more resistant your antagonist's muscles are, the less flexibility your limbs will have.
Participating exercises like yoga, swimming, and Pilates can have a significant impact on your body's flexibility level.
4. Muscular Endurance
Endurance is the body's ability to perform repetitive exercises without tiring. This is not the same thing as strength, though it is related to both strength and cardiovascular health.
Good muscular endurance can be defined as simply an individual's ability to perform repetitions of a strenuous training exercise over a period of time.
5. Muscle Strength
Muscle strength is determined by the capability of an individual's muscles to lift and carry weight. Without this strength, your body is unable to cope with the physical demands of everyday life.
Increasing muscle strength requires training with weights. This resistance, working in reps of 4-6 or 12-15, will help develop both strength and muscle mass.
Becoming and Staying Physically Fit
The goal of physical fitness is to improve your overall health, and in doing so help your body to be strong enough to resist disease and to function at the highest level possible
Use these 5 components as a guide to developing a fitness regime to allow you to become the healthiest version of yourself, inside and out.
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